Average height for women worldwide

The average height for a woman varies, depending on where she was born and raised. For a woman raised in the United States, the average height is currently 5 feet 4 inches.

This was reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and applies to women over the age of 20. Meanwhile, the average height for men of a similar age in the U.S. is around 5 feet 9 inches.

Nutrition and other health factors may explain height differences among various populations, and some may have limits to potential height. Immigration may also influence these averages.

Fast facts on average height for women:

  • Each country has its own reporting methods. There is no global average for women’s height.
  • Height is dependent on a variety of factors.
  • On average, men are taller than women all over the world.

Average body shape and size change with time. For example, the average woman in the 1960s stood at 5 feet 3 inches tall and weighed around 140 pounds. The average woman now weighs 168 pounds, showing an increase of 28 pounds.

Average height for women in the U.S. has only increased by an inch over the same period, indicating that weight is increasing much faster than height.

On average, height in the U.S. has increased at a slower rate than the global median.

The average height of a person in the U.S. has also increased more slowly than the height of their counterparts in other high-income countries, according to a 2016 survey.

This has not always been the case. In 1914, men in America were the third-tallest in the world and women the fourth-tallest.

A century later, these women were the 42nd-tallest in the world, and men the 37th-tallest.

Among men, the Netherlands had the tallest average, at 6 feet in 2014. That same year, the tallest average for women — 5 feet 7 inches — was reported in Latvia.

Authors of the 2016 survey noted that slowed increases in height among people in America may be related to worsening nutrition. They also mentioned immigration of people from countries whose people are typically shorter in height, and lower qualities of obstetric and pediatric healthcare as potential factors.

Many unofficial sources report a global average height for women as 5 feet 3 inches or an inch taller.

Here are some worldwide trends in height for women aged 18–40 from the website World Data:

  • The average height of European women is 5 feet 6 inches.
  • In many parts of Asia, including China, the average woman’s height is about 5 feet.
  • The average height for women in North America is slightly below the average for women in the U.S. Average heights for women in the U.S. and Canada are the same, while the same average in Mexico is just below 5 feet 2 inches.
  • According to the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation), the shortest average heights for women are recorded in South Asia and Guatemala, at under 5 feet.

Some factors are natural, while others

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Source Article

Women’s March 2020

A rapist in your path 

[Keep arms loose at your side, march in place to the beat for the first eight verses]

Patri-archy is our judge
That imprisons us at birth
And our punishment
Is the violence you DON’T see.

Patri-archy is our judge
That imprisons us at birth
And our punishment
Is the violence you CAN see.

It’s femicide.
[Place hands behind the head, squat up and down]
Impu-nity for my killer.
[Repeat movement above]
It’s our disappearances.
[Repeat movement above]
It’s rape!
[Repeat movement above]

[March in place, but without lifting feet from the ground; move forearms up and down in sync with]

And it’s not my fault, not where I was, not how I dressed.
And it’s not my fault, not where I was, not how I dressed.
And it’s not my fault, not where I was, not how I dressed.
And it’s not my fault, not where I was, not how I dressed.

And the rapist WAS you

[Extend LEFT arm straight out in front of you, pointing]
And the rapist IS you

[Extend LEFT arm straight out in front of you, pointing]

Its the cops,

[Use LEFT arm to point behind you]
It’s The judges,

[Use LEFT arm to point in front of you]
It’s The system,

[Raise arms, pointing in circle around the head]
It’s The president.

[Cross forearms above the head forming an X]

This oppressive state is a macho rapist.
[Use LEFT arm and pump a closed fist]

This oppressive state is a macho rapist.

[Use LEFT arm and pump a closed fist]

El violador eres tú.
[Extend LEFT arm straight out in front of you, pointing]
El violador eres tú.
[repeat movement above]
El violador eres tú.
[repeat movement above]
El violador eres tú.
[repeat movement above]

Source Article

Continuous support for women during childbirth

What is the issue?

In the past, women have been cared for and supported by other women during labour and birth, and have had someone with them throughout, which we call ‘continuous support’. However, in many countries more women are giving birth in hospital rather than at home. This has meant continuous support during labour has become the exception rather than the norm. The aim of this Cochrane Review was to understand the effect of continuous support on a woman during labour and childbirth, and on her baby. We collected and analysed all relevant studies to answer this question (search date: October 2016).

Why is this important?

Research shows that women value and benefit from the presence of a support person during labour and childbirth. This support may include emotional support (continuous presence, reassurance and praise) and information about labour progress. It may also include advice about coping techniques, comfort measures (comforting touch, massage, warm baths/showers, encouraging mobility, promoting adequate fluid intake and output) and speaking up when needed on behalf of the woman. Lack of continuous support during childbirth has led to concerns that the experience of labour and birth may have become dehumanised.

Modern obstetric care frequently means women are required to experience institutional routines. These may have adverse effects on the quality, outcomes and experience of care during labour and childbirth. Supportive care during labour may enhance physiological labour processes, as well as women’s feelings of control and confidence in their own strength and ability to give birth. This may reduce the need for obstetric intervention and also improve women’s experiences.

What evidence did we find?

We found 26 studies that provided data from 17 countries, involving more than 15,000 women in a wide range of settings and circumstances. The continuous support was provided either by hospital staff (such as nurses or midwives), or women who were not hospital employees and had no personal relationship to the labouring woman (such as doulas or women who were provided with a modest amount of guidance on providing support). In other cases, the support came from companions of the woman’s choice from her own network (such as her partner, mother, or friend).

Women who received continuous labour support may be more likely to give birth ‘spontaneously’, i.e. give birth vaginally with neither ventouse nor forceps nor caesarean. In addition, women may be less likely to use pain medications or to have a caesarean birth, and may be more likely to be satisfied and have shorter labours. Postpartum depression could be lower in women who were supported in labour, but we cannot be sure of this due to the studies being difficult to compare (they were in different settings, with different people giving support). The babies of women who received continuous support may be less likely to have low five-minute Apgar scores (the score used when babies’ health and well-being are assessed at birth and shortly afterwards). We did not find any difference in the numbers of babies admitted to

Campaign for Afghan Women & Girls – Taliban & Women


The Taliban & Afghan Women


The Taliban, an extremist militia, seized control first of Herat (1994) and then Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, on September 27, 1996 and violently plunged Afghanistan into a brutal state of totalitarian dictatorship and gender apartheid in which women and girls were stripped of their basic human rights.

The Elimination of Women’s Rights

Upon seizing power, the Taliban regime instituted a system of gender apartheid effectively thrusting the women of Afghanistan into a state of virtual house arrest. Under Taliban rule women were stripped of all human rights – their work, visibility, opportunity for education, voice, healthcare, and mobility. When they took control in 1996, the Taliban initially imposed strict edicts that:

  • Banished women from the work force
  • Closed schools to girls and women and expelled women from universities
  • Prohibited women from leaving their homes unless accompanied by a close male relative
  • Ordered the publicly visible windows of women’s houses painted black and forced women to wear the burqa (or chadari) – which completely shrouds the body, leaving only a small mesh-covered opening through which to see
  • Prohibited women and girls from being examined by male physicians while at the same time prohibited female doctors and nurses from working

Women were brutally beaten, publicly flogged, and killed for violating Taliban decrees. Even after international condemnation, the Taliban made only slight changes. Some say it was progress when the Taliban allowed a few women doctors and nurses to work, even while hospitals still had segregated wards for women. In Kabul and other cities, a few home schools for girls operated in secret. In addition, women who conducted home schools were risking their lives or a severe beating.

Taliban Reality for Women and Girls

  • A woman who defied Taliban orders by running a home school for girls was killed in front of her family and friends.
  • A woman caught trying to flee Afghanistan with a man not related to her was stoned to death for adultery.
  • An elderly woman was brutally beaten with a metal cable until her leg was broken because her ankle was accidentally showing from underneath her burqa.
  • Women and girls died of curable ailments because male doctors were not allowed to treat them.
  • Two women accused of prostitution were publicly hung.

Taliban Law Is In Opposition To Islam

Women in Afghanistan were educated and employed prior to the Taliban control, especially in the capital city Kabul. For example, 50% of the students and 60% of the teachers at Kabul University were women. In addition 70% of school teachers, 50% of civilian government workers, and 40% of doctors in Kabul were women.

The Taliban claimed to follow a pure, fundamentalist Islamic ideology, yet the oppression they perpetrated against women had no basis in Islam. Within Islam, women are allowed to earn and control their own money, and

Fashion for Women | Mango United Kingdom

http://staticpages.mngbcn.com/homes/006/0/IN/she/index.html

Definition of Feminism by Merriam-Webster

fem·​i·​nism | ˈfe-mə-ˌni-zəm How to pronounce feminism (audio)

1 : the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes

2 : organized activity on behalf of women’s rights and interests

Other Words from feminism

feminist ˈfe-​mə-​nist How to pronounce feminist (audio) noun or adjective
feministic ˌfe-​mə-​ˈni-​stik How to pronounce feministic (audio) adjective

Examples of feminism in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The social club’s employees have a story to tell about the company that sold the world Instagram-ready feminism.


Kaly Soto, New York Times, “11 of Our Best Weekend Reads,” 20 Mar. 2020
Attitudes toward feminism are even more hostile outside Mexico City.


Seth Harp, Harper’s magazine, “In Harm’s Way,” 2 Mar. 2020
This is the definition of radical feminism, Miron-Shatz explains.


Claire Gillespie, TheWeek, “How to raise feminist boys,” 27 Feb. 2020
After the resurgence of second-wave feminism, Representative Martha Griffiths reintroduced the amendment 1971.

al, “Is Alabama blocking the Equal Rights Amendment?,” 21 Feb. 2020
In the sixth episode of Shrill’s second season, the main character Annie (played by Bryant) attends a female empowerment conference that soon proves to be a cash grab at false feminism.


Gianluca Russo, Teen Vogue, “This Important Scene From Shrill Shows Exactly What It’s Like Shopping as a Plus-Size Person,” 3 Feb. 2020
Reproductive justice, Yancy said, is one modern way in which intersectional feminism is applied or demonstrated.


Steve Smith, courant.com, “Intersectional Feminism Discussed At River Bend Bookshop,” 22 Nov. 2019
Finally, amid the social upheaval, civil rights legislation and second-wave feminism of the 1960 and ’70s, the E.R.A. gained traction.


Lila Thulin, Smithsonian, “The 96-Year-History of the Equal Rights Amendment,” 13 Nov. 2019
Ironically Vox—which has made anti-feminism part of its platform—frames hard-line stances against migration as good for women.

The Economist, “How women are singled out for vile abuse for political ends,” 7 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘feminism.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of feminism

1841, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Learn More about feminism

Cite this Entry

“Feminism.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/feminism. Accessed 31 Mar. 2020.

More Definitions for feminism

fem·​i·​nism | ˈfe-mə-ˌni-zəm How to pronounce feminism (audio)

Kids Definition of feminism

1 : the belief that women and men should have equal rights and opportunities

2 : organized activity on behalf of women’s rights and interests

Other Words from feminism

feminist -​nist noun or adjective

fem·​i·​nism | ˈfem-ə-ˌniz-əm How to pronounce feminism (audio)

Medical Definition of feminism

: the presence of female characteristics in males

Comments on feminism

What made you want to look up feminism? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Introduction – American Women: Resources from the Law Library

Historically, the legal rights of women have been determined by men. Some legal historians even argue that women in the United States had no “legal rights” until 1920 when the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified. Although the lives of women had been affected by laws, women themselves had played no direct role in legislating or enforcing these laws. They could not vote to elect legislators and thus had no direct leverage in the electoral process. It seems ironic that Justice, the symbol of the United States court system, is female, yet for years women were not able to participate in the judicial system except as defendants or third parties. For the most part, women did not enter the courtroom as lawyers until the late nineteenth century, and they could not serve as jurors until the twentieth century.

Nevertheless, there were a number of laws from as early as the seventeenth century that specifically addressed women. Protective legislation limiting the number of hours women and children could work and court decisions addressing a woman’s guilt or innocence in criminal proceedings or whether or not she could keep or devise her inherited property are examples.

Charles Dana Gibson. Studies in expression. When women are jurors. [1902]. Cabinet of American Illustration. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.

The Law Library of Congress has a wealth of material that provides sources for research in women’s history, in both the basic and the more tangential issues that have had an impact on women’s individual lives and on the society in which they have found themselves. Legal materials add a dimension to scholarly studies that has not often been exploited. Although the law may not be as immediately interesting as journals or scrapbooks of individual women, the fact that the legal community and the people who formed it took the time to legislate and later to litigate an issue indicates that such an issue was integral to the times in which they lived. To omit a consideration of how the law developed is to disregard a crucial aspect of the lives of women.

Despite this wealth of legal information to support the study of women in diverse academic areas, court decisions and statutory language have been underused by scholars in disciplines other than legal history. The reasons for this vary, but most law librarians will agree that the challenges of legal research and a lack of knowledge about law may discourage historians and others from doing research in this area. The vast array of materials in the Law Library can be overwhelming to the researcher, especially if the methodology of legal research is unfamiliar. Because there are few guides, indexing sources, or treatises specifically addressing women’s issues, using legal resources can be challenging—but can also result in rewarding discoveries.

Acknowledgements by Pamela Barnes Craig
I would like to thank the editorial team and academic advisers for their challenging questions and comments, my law librarian colleagues for their time and research skills, and those colleagues who encouraged

5 things women couldn’t do in the 1960s

Story highlights

  • Not long ago, a woman couldn’t start a business without her husband’s permission
  • Issues like reproductive freedom were only just beginning to see the light of day in the 1960s
  • Discover your ’60s personality by taking the CNN Sixties quiz

Can you imagine pregnancy being a fireable offense? How about job security hinging on your weight or the softness of your hands? What if you couldn’t open a bank account or establish a line of credit unless you had a husband to cosign for you? What if you had the grades to attend a school like Princeton, but your gender kept you on the other side of those hallowed, ivy-covered halls?

It was not so long ago that this was the reality for women. If you’re 45 or older, you were born into this world.

When President John F. Kennedy established the Commission on the Status of Women in 1961, he appointed Eleanor Roosevelt as chairwoman. In a televised 1962 discussion with Roosevelt, Kennedy stated, “We want to be sure that women are used as effectively as they can to provide a better life for our people, in addition to meeting their primary responsibility, which is in the home.”

This was a mixed message, effectively telling women, “Go! Learn! Flourish! Do! … but also, have babies and put your husband’s needs before your own.”

A 1960s housewife shows off her gleaming dishes.
But you can thank the nation’s real-life Peggy Olsons for beginning to roar at this time. Have a look back at five surprising things women could not do in the 1960s:

1. Get a credit card: In the 1960s, a bank could refuse to issue a credit card to an unmarried woman; even if she was married, her husband was required to cosign. As recently as the 1970s, credit cards in many cases were issued with only a husband’s signature. It was not until the Equal Credit Opportunity Act of 1974 that it became illegal to refuse a credit card to a woman based on her gender.

2. Serve on a jury: It varied by state (Utah deemed women fit for jury duty way back in 1879), but the main reason women were kept out of jury pools was that they were considered the center of the home, which was their primary responsibility as caregivers. They were also thought to be too fragile to hear the grisly details of crimes and too sympathetic by nature to be able to remain objective about those accused of offenses. In 1961, the Supreme Court unanimously upheld a Florida law that exempted women from serving on juries. It wasn’t until 1973 that women could serve on juries in all 50 states.

Longing for the carefree parenting style of yesterday?

3. Go on the birth control pill: Issues like reproductive freedom and a woman’s right to decide when and whether to have children were only just beginning to be openly discussed in the 1960s. In 1957, the FDA approved of the birth control pill but only for “severe menstrual