The Invention of Clothing

It is not certain when people first started wearing clothes, however, anthropologists estimate that it was somewhere between 100,000 and 500,000 years ago. The first clothes were made from natural elements: animal skin, fur, grass, leaves, bone, and shells. Garments were often draped or tied; however, simple needles made out of animal bone provide evidence of sewn leather and fur garments from at least 30,000 years ago.

When settled neolithic cultures discovered the advantages of woven fibers over animal hides, the making of cloth, drawing on basketry techniques, emerged as one of humankind’s fundamental technologies. Hand and hand with the history of clothing goes the history of textiles. Humans had to invent weaving, spinning, tools, and the other techniques needed to be able to make the fabrics used for clothing.

Ready-Made Clothing

Before sewing machines, nearly all clothing was local and hand-sewn, there were tailors and seamstresses in most towns that could make individual items of clothing for customers. After the sewing machine was invented, the ready-made clothing industry took off.

The Many Functions of Clothes

Clothing serves many purposes: it can help protect us from various types of weather, and can improve safety during hazardous activities such as hiking and cooking. It protects the wearer from rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, splinters, thorns and prickles by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment. Clothes can insulate against cold or heat. They can also provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. Clothing also provides protection from harmful UV radiation.

The most obvious function of clothing is to improve the comfort of the wearer, by protecting the wearer from the elements. In hot climates, clothing provides protection from sunburn or wind damage, while in cold climates its thermal insulation properties are generally more important. Shelter usually reduces the functional need for clothing. For example, coats, hats, gloves, and other superficial layers are normally removed when entering a warm home, particularly if one is residing or sleeping there. Similarly, clothing has seasonal and regional aspects, so that thinner materials and fewer layers of clothing are generally worn in warmer seasons and regions than in colder ones.

Clothing performs a range of social and cultural functions, such as individual, occupational and sexual differentiation, and social status. In many societies, norms about clothing reflect standards of modesty, religion, gender, and social status. Clothing may also function as a form of adornment and an expression of personal taste or style.

Some clothing protects from specific environmental hazards, such as insects, noxious chemicals, weather, weapons, and contact with abrasive substances. Conversely, clothing may protect the environment from the clothing wearer, as with doctors wearing medical scrubs.

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Corporate Clothing | Promotional & Branded

The Clothing Co is a Manufacturer & Supplier a quality Corporate Clothing, T-Shirts & Branded Promotional Apparel such as custom-made and stock Golf Shirts, Jackets (for Winter), headwear and custom Staff Uniforms. We also offer our clients the luxury of a one-stop shop with our in-house printing and embroidery service.

Although based in Cape Town, we supply our products countrywide either from our head office, or from our branches nationwide. We’re a friendly, service orientated team of professionals based in Cape Town, South Africa. We are available at any time to make your job happen as quick and easy as your needs are.

Manufacturer & Supplier of Corporate Branded Clothing


With more than 20 years experience and hundreds of happy clients you can rest easy knowing The Clothing Co will get the job done right at the most cost effective prices. We are primarily a T-Shirt house, who service both the trade and end user with either plain or branded garments. Our pricing is below competitive. We also offer delivery to your door step as a one stop brand shop!

For a one stop solution to all your promotional clothing and corporate apparel requirements contact us. The Clothing Co are online clothing store specialists in designing tailored solutions to meet your companies corporate, promotional and branded requirements.

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Quick Facts

Clothing Co manufacturers Corporate Branded Clothing and great prices straight from the factoryPromotional Clothing and Corporate Apparel * Plain or Branded Garments * Delivered to Your Door * +5000 Happy Clients * Most Cost Effective Prices * 20 Years Experience

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Personalised Clothing – Custom & Embroidered

Our mission is simple – we want to become the world’s favourite personalised clothing company.

As experts in creating customised products, we pride ourselves on bringing people together through customised clothing. Using cutting edge print and embroidery technology, we create high quality products that unite and inspire businesses, teams, charities and groups of all sizes.

Our team are dedicated to getting your order right first time, on time, every time. With an Excellent rating on Trustpilot based on over 10,000 reviews, our customers are at the heart of everything we do.

We have no minimum order requirement and offer generous bulk discounts to cater for all sizes of customised clothing orders.

With delivery available in as little as 24 hours, you can have your personalised clothing delivered to you the next day! Whether you’re looking for printed t-shirts, embroidered polo shirts, personalised hoodies or more, shop our wide range of high quality products from brands such as Fruit of The Loom, Russell and Gildan.

If you require personalised uniforms, promotional clothing or team wear, shop now and create your personalised clothing today.

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Buy Factory Defect Clothing Online


Find answers about closeouts and clothing seconds
Click on any of the images below to view real sample photos

Factory defect clothing, factory seconds, clothing seconds, factory irregulars, factory imperfects, slightly irregular, slightly imperfect are all terms that describe clothing that did not meet the manufacturers strict quality guidelines for first quality, non-defective clothing and are considered factory rejects.

Factory defects in clothing can range from minor defects, considered slightly imperfect or slightly irregular, to rags or pound goods. RG Riley factory reject clothing is sold wholesale in bulk case lot quantities at below wholesale prices. RG Riley does not sell any rags or pound goods and therefore all products while damaged can be worn.

Factory defect clothing is purchased by charities, schools, goodwill and thrift stores, and other giving organizations that are seeking quality clothing at bargain prices.

Hospitals, hospital supply stores, trauma centers, and short and long term health care institutions purchase defective clothing as a way to reduce their operational costs.

Discount retailers, flea markets, swap meets, dollar stores, and outlet stores sell defective clothing at low prices to provide bargains for their customers.

Screen printers and embroiderers purchase defective and closeout clothing for promotions and sales.

The level of damage determines how we categorize the quality of the garments on our web site. Please view the graphic below for a comprehensive list of the quality standards on the RG Riley web site.

Click on Online Products Catalog to search our product lines or browse our products by age range and buy hundreds of bulk clothing case lots in closeout and irregular clothing. Our products include t-shirts, tank tops, hoodies, sweatshirts, sweatpants, polo shirts, and more; in all size ranges including boys, girls, womens, mens, plus size mens, and plus size womens.

Types of Clothing/
Commonly Used Terms
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Highest Quality
• First Quality Product

• Closeouts

• Excess Inventories

• First Quality Apparel

• Overstock

• Discontinued Styles

Private Label Closeout T-Shirt With Generic Care Label
Closeout T-Shirts with Branded Adhesive Labels
Closeout T-Shirt UPC Hang Tag Label
Closeout T-Shirt with Retail Hang Tag
Closeout T-Shirt with Tearaway Care Label
Closeout T-Shirt with Tagless Brand Label
This category contains clothing known as closeouts, excess inventories, overstock, discontinued, etc., that are all flawless, first quality merchandise. First quality apparel originally made for retail chanels may still have there original branded hang tags and/or UPC stickers just as you would find them in a department store. Closeouts or first quality clothing created for the imprintable, screenprinting, or embroidery industries will often come without branded ticketing or tags depending on the manufacturer, and/or which stage of their production they were decidedly “closed out”. Private label closeout apparel may include clothing with brand labels that have been removed or left off, these closeouts will still have a care, content, and/or size label. Closeouts can also be stock lots or canceled production orders. These are the highest quality off-price clothes available.

Closeout Customers: Mass

Clothing Line Business Plan – Free Template for Retail Clothing Store

clothing line business plan

Sell the hottest trends and fashions with your own retail clothing store or fashion boutique. Use this free clothing line business plan to get your business started, including setting up an online clothing store.

Download this Clothing Business Plan free for easy editing in Microsoft Word: 



Booming Boutique is a start-up retail establishment that will sell fashionable clothing to women of the Baby Boom generation. We will locate Booming Boutique in downtown Pleasantville, Florida, which is a popular retirement and tourist destination. While our initial goal is to open one boutique, expansion plans include potentially franchising our retail store and/or building a well-recognized brand name. In turn, we would hope to penetrate a sizable portion of the online retail market.


The fashion and retail industry tends to be overly youth focused. However, by closely following generational fashion trends as well as our own customers’ purchasing preferences, we will tailor our inventory to meet the specific needs of our clientele. We will solely focus on the our styles, colors and fits to flatter the lady Baby Boomer/ Meeting the needs of her figure will be our specialty.


The total sales reported in the U.S. retail industry in 2007 (including food service and automotive) exceeded $4 trillion. There are roughly 75 million Baby Boomers, half of which are women. In Pleasantville, the current population is just fewer than 40,000. 54 percent of the total population is women who have a median age of 48. The median income is $48,600. We will initially seek customers locally, but will increase our reach as we build our brand and secure our image.


Booming Boutique recognizes the importance of marketing. And to that end, we plan to promote our retail business with an ambitious, targeted marketing campaign, which will include a grand opening event, local media coverage, print advertising and a direct-mail campaign. Our goal is to keep our marketing budget to no more than 5% of our gross annual sales, and we will partner with local organizations such as the Chamber of Commerce and Downtown Merchants Association as often as possible.


Robin Mathews and Joanna Jensen are co-owners and will co-manage Booming Boutique. Mathews has worked ten years in the retail industry, including four years as the manager of an antique furniture shop. She earned a BA degree in finance from Britannica College in Tampa, Florida.

Jensen’s experience lies in the fashion industry. She’s worked with designers, wholesalers and retailers for roughly 20 years. Jensen holds a BA in fashion merchandising from Colliers Fashion Institute in Miami, Florida.


Our company will earn revenue from our customers’ purchases of our products. Booming Boutique’s first-year income statement illustrates a profit margin of at least fifty-two percent, with a net income of $44,075 per month – after taxes. Finally, we have determined our break-even point will equal no less than $15,500 in total monthly sales. We project

Environmental Impact of the Clothing Industry

Environ Health Perspect. 2007 Sep; 115(9): A449–A454.



On a Saturday afternoon, a group of teenage girls leaf through glossy fashion magazines at a New Jersey outlet mall. Shopping bags brimming with new purchases lay at their feet as they talk excitedly about what’s in style to wear this summer. Far away in Tanzania, a young man proudly wears a T-shirt imprinted with the logo of an American basketball team while shopping at the local mitumba market for pants that will fit his slender figure. Although seemingly disparate, these two scenes are connected through the surprising life cycle of clothing.

How does a T-shirt originally sold in a U.S. shopping mall to promote an American sports team end up being worn by an African teen? Globalization, consumerism, and recycling all converge to connect these scenes. Globalization has made it possible to produce clothing at increasingly lower prices, prices so low that many consumers consider this clothing to be disposable. Some call it “fast fashion,” the clothing equivalent of fast food.

Fast fashion provides the marketplace with affordable apparel aimed mostly at young women. Fueling the demand are fashion magazines that help create the desire for new “must-haves” for each season. “Girls especially are insatiable when it comes to fashion. They have to have the latest thing, always. And since it is cheap, you buy more of it. Our closets are full,” says Mayra Diaz, mother of a 10-year-old girl and a buyer in the fashion district of New York City. Disposable couture appears in shopping mall after shopping mall in America and Europe at prices that make the purchase tempting and the disposal painless.

Yet fast fashion leaves a pollution footprint, with each step of the clothing life cycle generating potential environmental and occupational hazards. For example, polyester, the most widely used manufactured fiber, is made from petroleum. With the rise in production in the fashion industry, demand for man-made fibers, especially polyester, has nearly doubled in the last 15 years, according to figures from the Technical Textile Markets. The manufacture of polyester and other synthetic fabrics is an energy-intensive process requiring large amounts of crude oil and releasing emissions including volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, and acid gases such as hydrogen chloride, all of which can cause or aggravate respiratory disease. Volatile monomers, solvents, and other by-products of polyester production are emitted in the wastewater from polyester manufacturing plants.

Michael Jackson Celebrity Fashion Store , The Best Michael Jackson & Reenactment Clothing Store Online






Celebrity Clothing Store

This store has been purposely designed with the professional impersonator in mind.

Distributer of quality celebrity look alike clothing, providing the entertainment industry with top quality costumes and re-enactment attire at an affordable price.

Buy at lowest prices, we have a full design studio service offering you tailor made items for that special occasion. We pride ourselves in giving the most competitive price with excellent customer care and communication before and after sales.

Buy at LOWEST price. Be assured of the highest quality and fitting.

1000’s of styles & designs to choose from.

Specialists costumes for professional entertainers & impersonators.

Wishing you a pleasurable online shopping experience

Celebrity Clothing Store


Celebrity Clothing Store are proud to be in association with world famous artists:

E’Casanova Tribute Artist

J Dean Dejavu Of Michael


Signature ‘ Britain’s Got Talent ‘


We are also very proud to have supplied & supply:




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Ellie Clothing Boutique | Trendy Women’s Fashion

Welcome to ellieclothing where our goal is to provide women with fashionable clothing and accessories!  Fall kicks off with gameday outfits and takes us into cooler days and nights with cozy sweaters and lots of animal prints. Statement earrings continue to be strong and provide the perfect finishing piece to complete your look. We can’t wait for you to get started filling your closets with all your fall favorites.

Don’t let the fall season overwhelm you when it comes to your wardrobe.  We will offer you the latest trends and make your shopping experience easy and fun. Neutral and printed sweaters will be a MUST have for the sesason.  Cold fall and winter days can be brightened when you have the right thing to wear, and a stylish sweater can be a go to item!  Of course we don’t want to forget leopard, cheetah and snake prints.  You will see this on tops, skirts, dresses and sweaters. Embrace this trend and we promise you won’t regret it.

Fall colors are another one of those things that gets us so excited!  Rich and warm colors like rust, cream, caramel, taupe, green, and more will be filling the pages of our site and hopefully your closet.   Color can really take your look from boring to wow and its as simple as that.  Fashion can be so fun and exciting if you just add a little touch of color or print to your look.

Don’t forget accessories.  A bold statement earring or simple necklace can top off your outfit in no time!  Don’t get bogged down in the details , just make simple choices that will have you looking and feeling your very best .  If you are ready to look your best then get going with some of our newest styles!

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Medieval & Renaissance Clothing | Historical Clothing Realm

Historical Clothing Realm strives to be your number one source for historical clothing and costumes, including Renaissance clothing and costumes, medieval armor and clothing, Viking costumes, and pirate costumes. All of our clothes are made to historical specifications and are meant to serve the reenactment community and renaissance faire attendees. Our renaissance dresses are especially popular at ren faires and role-playing in general.

We also have a line of replica armor, swords, and weapons. This includes medieval breastplates, Roman armor (lorica segmentata), full suits of armor, medieval swords, samurai swords, and a full line of medieval helmets. All of these pieces are wearable or can be put on display for a dazzling conversation piece. At in some medieval cloaks such as our Knight’s Templar Cloak or even a Roman tunic and you’ll complete your full medieval or Roman costume! Our full armor costumes and Renaissance period clothing are perfect for Halloween costumes, reenactments, media productions, and so much more.

We have everything you need to attend your renaissance faire or engage in your reenactment with the confidence that you will be properly dressed in authentic medieval attire. Our vast medieval clothing selection provides everything you need to immerse yourself in the festivities and frivolity time and again. Our medieval clothing store will inspire your participation to a reach new heights.

Please take a moment to browse through our store – we are sure you’ll be amazed at the selection we carry and the quality of the items. We pride ourselves in being a one-stop shop for all your historical costumes, clothing, and armor needs.

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