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Bible themes & women


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bullet “As regards the individual nature, woman is
defective and misbegotten, for the active power of the male seed tends to the production
of a perfect likeness in the masculine sex; while the production of a woman comes from
defect in the active power….” Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica,Q92, art. 1,
Reply Obj. 1.
bullet “And a man will choose…any wickedness, but the wickedness
of a woman…Sin began with a woman and thanks to her we all
must die” Ecclesiasticus, 25:18, 19 & 33. 1
bullet “And I find more bitter than death the woman, whose heart is
snares and nets, and her hands as bands: whoso pleaseth God shall escape
from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her.” Ecclesiastes 7:26,
from the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament)

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Topics covered in this section:

The position of women within ancient Jewish and early Christian societies can logically
be discussed in three eras:

bullet During Old Testament times, when the roles of women were
severely restricted;
bullet During Jesus’ ministry, when he preached a revolutionary
message about gender roles;
bullet After the execution of Jesus, (circa 30 CE), when the
developing church gradually reduced the status of its women members.

To this, we have added a fourth essay, listing more recent views:

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  1. Ecclesiasticus (a.k.a. the Book of Sirach) is part of the
    Apocrypha. It is considered part of the official canon of the Bible by the
    Roman Catholic Church.
  2. The Veritorium has a list of Bible verses pertaining to women at:
  3. Call to Action, a Roman Catholic group, has an essay titled “Women in the
    Bible and the Lectionary”
  4. Susan C. Lau, “Bibliography on Women and Religion,” at:
  5. Women in ancient Christianity: The new discoveries,” PBS program,

  6. “Men and Women of the Bible” at:
  7. Sunshine for Women: Book Summaries,” at:
  8. “Christians for Biblical Equality” promotes the concept that the Bible
    calls for gender equality. See:

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amazon.gif (6895 bytes)Books on
the the status of women in ancient times:

You can order books dealing with the status of women in ancient times, from “,”
the world’s largest virtual bookstore. Just click on any of the books listed below. The
ordering process is simple. You can charge the purchase on your credit card using a
safe, secure
data transmission.

bullet Elaine Fantham, et. al., “Women in the
Classical World,
” Oxford University Press, New York NY (1994). “Written
by leading experts in the fields of ancient history and art history, women’s studies, and
Greek and Roman literature, the book’s chronological arrangement allows the changing roles
of women to unfold over a thousand year period, beginning in the eighth century B.C.E.

This book deals only with women in ancient Greece and Rome.
bullet Tal Ilan, “Jewish Women
in Greco-Roman Palestine
,” Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., (1996)
bullet Heidi Parales, “Hidden Voices:
Biblical Women and Our Christian Heritage,
” Smyth & Helwys, (1998) She has a
web site at:
which describes the book and has a fascinating questionnaire about the role of women in the

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See a news
feed on women’s issues
It shows 20 current news items, and is updated
every 15 minutes.

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Copyright © 1997 to 2013 by Ontario Consultants on
Religious Tolerance
Latest update: 2013-JUL-12
Author: B.A. Robinson

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